Phenobarbital is a central nervous system depressant, which is barbiturative and non-selective and used mainly as a sedative hypnotic and sub-hypnotic anticonvulsant. Barbiturates are substituted pyrimidine derivatives where the fundamental structure common to such substances, is barbituric acid, a drug with no central nervous system ( CNS), activity. Phenobarbital Tablets and Elixir are administered orally and come under DEA Schedule IV. The operation of CNS shall be accomplished by substitution of the pyrimidine ring by alkyl, alkenyl or aryl groups.
• This medication is used to manage seizures alone or with other medications.
• Controlling and reducing seizures can make more of your regular daily work, reduce your risk for damage when you lose awareness.
• Reduce your risk that frequent repeated convulsions will lead to life-threatening conditions.
• Phenobarbital is part of a category of pharmaceutical drugs known as barbiturates / hypnotics.
• It works by controlling electrical abnormality in the brain during a convulsion.
• This medicine also helps you sleep during anxiety periods for a short period of time.
• It works if some parts of the brain are activated to induce calm.
Taking the medication by mouth with or without food or as instructed by your doctor, usually once daily during the bedtime for seizure control. If the stomach is disturbed, take with food or milk.
Using a special measurement device / cup to properly measure the dose when using the liquid type of this drug.
You may not be getting the right dose by using a household spoon.
The dosage is dependent on your medical condition, your blood phenobarbitis and your treatment reaction.
The dosage can also depend on weight in babies.
Your physician may advise you to start this medication at a small dose and raise your dosage slowly to avoid side effects including somnolence and dizziness.
Follow the guidance of your doctor attentively. Do not take this drug more or less than prescribed.
The best dosage for you could take several weeks to suppress your seizures fully.
This drug works best when the body has a consistently high level of medicines. Take it every day at the same time.
Do not stop taking this medication without your doctor's attention.
If you suddenly stop this drug, your seizures can escalate or lead to a very serious seizure that is difficult to treat.
You may have withdrawal symptoms if you unexpectedly quit using this drug.
Phenobarbital withdrawal can be severe and can trigger hallucinations and (rarely) death.
Your doctor may decrease your dose slowly to help prevent withdrawal.
Withdrawal would be more likely if you have long or high-dose phenobarbitis. If you have a withdrawal, inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
While it affects a vast number of people, addiction can also occur.
When you have a drug use problem, this risk may be higher. Take this medication to reduce the risk of dependency exactly as prescribed.
Request more info from your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine may not function well when used for a long time to be anxious or to help you sleep.
Only for a limited period should phenobarbital be used for anxiety or sleep. Speak to the doctor if it starts working properly.